A recent survey, titled "Public Finances and the Security Sector", conducted by the World Bank (WB), found that Albania has high level of expenditures for the police in a global scale in relation to Gross Domestic Product (GDP).
The Bank analyzed a period of time from 1988 to 2000, where Albania ranks at the 8th place among the 82 countries that were subject of this survey. During this period, Albania's budget expenditures for the police were about 1.8% of GDP, while the global average was 1%.
The WB notes that different countries such as Albania, Mexico, South Africa and Uganda have set up special task forces to respond to specific crime issues such as gender violence, corruption or drug crimes.
Although these examples show a positive trend, the WB noted that these coordination mechanisms in police structures did not always guarantee the criminal justice.
The WB advises that a well-coordinated system can bring more benefits than weak coordination that increases fragmentation, adds costs and time, reduces accountability and creates barriers to access to services.
The bank suggests that the effective fight against drugs trafficking requires coordination between different institutions beyond the justice sector. The WB urges in particular to a closer cooperation between public agencies, education and social services and law enforcement institutions to address multi-faceted aspects of drug use and trafficking.